The exciting colors of the Caribbean Coral Reefs have made them very popular and have attracted tourists from all walks of life, people who in the end find it ecstatic or haven’t had enough of what they saw. Divers and snorkelers find themselves completely mesmerized by the beauty of the Caribbean fish, the like they have most likely not seen in their entire diving days.
Right now, the Caribbean coast has the largest percentage of coral reefs, about 9% of the worlds cumulative, this makes them a major player in industry of fishing and tourism. Exploring these waters is the dream of any marine biologist, as the diverse ecosystem is one they’d be fascinated by, anyone would, with tens of thousands of different species of sea animals most of whom aren’t even named yet. Exploring this areas could be educative and relaxing, definitely fun and worth the hype.
The government of these nations is committed to protecting the reefs in the islands and this has preserved them over a long time and have put several initiatives in place that guarantee an environment where the reefs can thrive.
There are two types of reefs in the Caribbean axis, the Caribbean fringing reefs and the barrier reefs.
The Barrier Reefs
There are two separate barrier reefs that span the Caribbean Islands, one larger one that crosses between Guatemala and the shore of Belize running a few hundred kilometers and a smaller one on the east side of Nicaragua.
The Fringing reefs
All the other reefs in the Caribbean are of the fringing form, well developed and wide-ranging, encircling most of the area of the islands, many of which aren’t excessively deep and ideal for diving. Jamaica and Cuba are said to house the most beautiful of these fringing reefs.
Have the reefs always been like this?
It is a fact that the reefs were much larger in time past and due to fishing, development around the area and population increase, the reefs have been reduced to one sixth its original size and it has also been calculated to be extinct in 20 years if it is not sternly under protection.
Any of these islands such as Anguilla which houses the popular Shoal Bay Harbor or Mustique Island who are flourishing of their reefs have conservative policies in place and have created a balance between use of the island and conservation such that they make great vacation considerations.