A dam is considered to be one of the most important assets of a country as it enables to store water and provide water and electricity to its people. Without a dam, it is very hard for an economy to survive as dams provide water for consumption, industry, economy to survive and for irrigation purposes. It is also very important to create electricity for a country as dams provide hydroelectric power production.
In this article, we would be discussing the top 5 biggest men made dams of the world in terms of their volume and their water filling and storage capacity.
- Houtribdijk – Netherlands Houtribdijk is the fifth largest man-made dam in the world in terms of volume located in the Netherlands. It began its construction in between 1963 and 1975. The project was a part of “Zuiderzee Works”, which connects two cities “Lelystad and Enkhuizen”, respectively. The project was officially completed in 1968 and began its production in 1975. This dam is located in “N302 Enkhuizen — Lelystad”, and has a total length of 30km with a width of 68 m respectively.
- Atatürk Dam – Turkey
Atatürk Dam, also known as the Karababa Dam, is the fourth largest man-made dam in the world in Turkey in terms of volume and water storage capacity. It began its construction in 1983 and was completed in 1990. The dam officially began its production in 1992. The dam was created to not just store water but also to develop electricity. It was named as Atatürk Dam to give honor to “Mustafa Kemal Atatürk”, the founder of the Republic of Turkey. This dam is located in Şanlıurfa – Adıyaman, Turkey with a height of 169 m and the length of 1,819 m respectively.
- Fort Peck Dam – USA
Fort Peck Dam is the third-largest man-made a dam in the world in the USA in terms of volume and water storage capacity. It began its construction in 1933 and completed in 1938. It’s official opening to the public began along with production began in 1940. The overall cost of building this dam is $100 million. It is located in “Fort Peck, Montana” of the USA and has a height of 250 ft (76 m) and the length of 21,026 ft (6,409 m) respectively.
- Hirakud Dam- India
Hirakud Dam is the second-largest man-made dam in the world located in India in terms of volume and water storage capacity. It began its construction in 1947 and completed its construction in 1953. Its official opening launched in 1957. It’s located around 16km away from Sambalpur, Odisha and has a height of 60.96 m (200 ft) and a length of” 4.8 km (3 mi) (main section), 25.8 km (16 mi) (entire dam)”, respectively.
- Tarbela Dam- Pakistan
Tarbela Dam is the world’s largest man-made a dam in the world located in Pakistan in terms of volume and water storage capacity. It began its construction in 1968 and officially launched it in 1976. It is located in” Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan”, and has a height of “143.26 meters (470 ft)”, from river level and the length of “2,743.2 meters (9,000 ft)”, respectively.